Mamphela Aletta Ramphele is 'n Suid-Afrikaanse voormalige anti-apartheidsaktivis, 'n mediese dokter, 'n akademikus en 'n suksesvolle besigheidsvrou. Sy was diep bevriend met Steve Biko, die vader van haar twee kinders. Ramphele is 'n voormalige Vise-kanselier van die Universiteit van Kaapstad, en vorige besturende direkteur by die Wêreldbank.
Leier van Agang
In Februarie 2013, kondig sy aan dat sy 'n nuwe politieke party, Agang (Sotho vir "Bou"), sou stig; met die doel om die ANC (African National Congress) die geveg aan te sê.
DA-presidentskandidaat vir slegs 7 dae
Op 28 Januarie 2014 word aangekondig dat Ramphele as die Demokratiese Alliansie se presidentskandidaat in die 2014 algemene verkiesing sal staan. Op 31 Januarie 2014 het Ramphele 'n verklaring uitgereik dat sy nie Demokratiese Alliansie-lidmaatskap sal aanvaar nie en Agang Suid-Afrika se leier sou bly, wat tot erge verwarring gelei het. Op 2 Februarie 2014 sê Helen Zille dat Ramphele haar ooreenkoms om as die Demokratiese Alliansie se presidensiële kandidaat te staan, verloën het. Ramphele het daarna om verskoning gevra vir haar besluit deur te sê dat die tydsberekening nie reg was nie.
Sy reken die reaksie op haar besluit het bewys dat mense in Suid-Afrika nog nie ras-gebaseerde partypolitiek te bowe gekom het nie.
Mamphela Aletta Ramphele (born 28 December 1947) is a South African politician, a former activist against apartheid, a medical doctor, an academic and businesswoman. She is a former Vice-Chancellor at the University of Cape Town and a one-time Managing Director at the World Bank. In February 2013, she announced the formation of a new political party, named Agang South Africa (Agang is Northern Sotho for "Build"), intended to challenge the African National Congress.
Continuing her academic studies, Ramphele received her Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBChB). from the University of Natal, a B.Comm. in Administration from the University of South Africa as well as diplomas in Tropical Health & Hygiene and Public Health from the University of the Witwatersrand. Ramphele has also authored and edited a number of books.
Ramphele joined the University of Cape Town as a research fellow in 1986 and was appointed as one of its Deputy Vice-Chancellors in 1991. She was appointed to the post of Vice-Chancellor of the university in September 1996, thereby becoming the first black woman to hold such a position at a South African university. Part of her executive roles was to take charge of the university’s Equal Opportunity Policy Portfolio, with the aim of changing the culture of the institution. In 1994, Ramphele was a visiting scholar at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
In 2000, Ramphele became one of the four Managing Directors of the World Bank. She was tasked with overseeing the strategic positioning and operations of the World Bank Institute as well as the Vice-Presidency of External Affairs. She is the first South African to hold this position. Ramphele has served as a trustee of the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund, as the director of the Institute for a Democratic Alternative for South Africa (IDASA) and as a board member of the Anglo-American Corporation and Transnet.
Ramphele also serves as a trustee for The Link SA fund, a charitable organisation that raises money to subsidise the tertiary education of South Africa's brightest underprivileged students. She also sits on the Board of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, an organisation that supports good governance and great leadership in Africa. She was voted 55th in the Top 100 Great South Africans in 2004, a survey portrayed as mired in controversy. Dr Mamphela Ramphele is also Chairperson of House of Hemp.
In 2013, she expressed interest in returning to South African politics and resigned as the chairperson of Gold Fields. Agang is Northern Sotho for "Build"), intended to challenge the African National Congress. Some critics have challenged Mamphele's drawing on Steve Biko's legacy in her political campaigns.
On 18 February 2013, she announced the formation of a new political party, named Agang South Africa (
On 28 January 2014, Ramphele accepted an invitation from the Democratic Alliance to stand as their presidential candidate in the 2014 general election. On 31 January 2014, Ramphele issued a statement saying that she would not take up Democratic Alliance party membership and would remain the leader of Agang South Africa, resulting in confusion. On 2 February 2014, Helen Zille stated that Ramphele had reneged on her agreement to stand as the Democratic Alliance's presidential candidate. Ramphele subsequently apologised for the reversal of her decision, saying that the timing was not right as the reaction to it had shown people were unable to overcome race-based party politics.