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Mícheál D. Ó hUiginn  Mícheál D. Ó hUiginn 
Mícheál D. Ó hUiginn 
Naoú hUachtarán na hÉireann ón mbliain 2011. | The President of Ireland since 2011.


Mícheál D. Ó hUiginn



Is é Mícheál D. Ó hUiginn (18 Aibreán 1941 i Luimneach a rugadh é) naoú hUachtarán na hÉireann ón mbliain 2011. Socheolaí, file, údar, craoltóir agus polaiteoir atá ann, a bhí ina Theachta Dála de chuid Pháirtí an Lucht Oibre sular toghadh mar Uachtarán é.



Rugadh Michael D. Higgins ar 18 Aibreán 1941 i gCathair Luimnigh agus tógadh ar fheirm a aintín é gar do Chora Chaitlín i gContae an Chláir. Ba oibrí monarchan agus cléireach é sular éirigh leis ardoideachas a bhaint amach, an chéad duine dá mhuintir a rinne amhlaidh. Rinne sé staidéar in Ollscoil na hÉireann, Gaillimh, in Ollscoil Mhanchain agus in Ollscoil Indiana.


Oidhreacht mar Aire Rialtais

Bhí Ó hUiginn mar Aire Gaeltachta agus Cultúir sa chomhrialtas ó 1993 chuig 1997. D'éirigh sé as an bpolaitíocht nuair a chinn sé gan seasamh in Olltoghchán 2011, ach tá maíte aige go bhfuil suim aige seasamh sa toghchán uachtaránachta a bheidh ar siúl i 2011.



D'éirigh leis ainmniúchán Pháirtí an Lucht Oibre a fháil seasamh don uachtaránacht sa bhliain 2011 in áit Fergus Finlay. Ar 29 Deireadh Fómhair 2011, bhuaigh Ó hUiginn an toghchán nuair a fógraíodh an toradh i gCaisleán Bhaile Átha Cliath. Insealbhaíodh Michael D. Higgins ina Uachtarán ar Éirinn ar 11 Samhain 2011 , an naoú duine san oifig sin.







Michael Daniel Higgins (Irish: Mícheál D. Ó hUiginn; born 18 April 1941) is the ninth and current President of Ireland, having taken office on 11 November 2011, following victory in the 2011 Irish presidential election. Higgins is an Irish politician, poet, sociologist, author and broadcaster. Higgins was Teachta Dála (TD) and a member of the Labour Party until his resignation following the presidential election. He was formerly a TD for the Galway West constituency and served as Minister for Arts, Culture and the Gaeltacht from 1993 to 1997.


Early life

Higgins was born in Limerick. When his father's health grew poor, with alcohol a contributing factor, his mother sent Higgins, aged five, and his four-year-old brother to live on his unmarried uncle and aunt's farm near Newmarket on Fergus, County Clare. His older twin sisters remained in Limerick. He was educated at Ballycar National School, County Clare; St. Flannan's College, Ennis; University College Galway (UCG); Indiana University; and Manchester University. As an undergraduate at UCG, he served as Vice Auditor of the College's Literary and Debating Society in 1963–1964, and rose to the position of Auditor in the 1964–1965 academic year. He also served as President of UCG Students' Union in 1964–65. In 1967, Higgins graduated from Indiana University Bloomington with a Master of Arts degree in Sociology.


In his academic career, he was a Statutory Lecturer in the Department of Political Science and Sociology at University College Galway and was a Visiting Professor at Southern Illinois University. He resigned his academic posts to concentrate fully on his political career. He is a fluent speaker of both official languages, Irish and English, and also speaks Spanish.


Political career

Higgins originally joined Fianna Fáil in UCG while a mature student; he switched to the Labour Party shortly thereafter. He was a Labour candidate in the 1969 and 1973 general elections but was unsuccessful on both occasions. One of the people who canvassed for him was future leader of the Labour Party and Tánaiste, Eamon Gilmore, who was then a UCG student. Higgins was appointed in 1973 to the 13th Seanad Éireann by Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave. He was first elected to Dáil Éireann at the 1981 general election as a Labour Party TD. He was re-elected at the February 1982 election; he lost his seat at the November 1982 election but returned to the Seanad on the NUI panel. He served as Mayor of Galway on two occasions, 1982–1983 and 1991–1992. Within the Labour Party during the 1980s he was one of the main figures along with Emmet Stagg who opposed going into coalition.


With a presidential election looming in 2004 Higgins indicated his willingness to run as a Labour Party candidate. The party decided on 16 September 2004 against running a candidate in the election. In October 2010, he announced he would not be standing at the 2011 general election. He had until this point been living in a modest two-bed apartment at Grattan Hall on Mount Street, Dublin. Higgins was inaugurated as President of Ireland at Dublin Castle on 11 November 2011 giving a speech as part of the ceremony. The ceremony had a humanist element, alongside Christian, Jewish and Muslim ones.


On 11 May 2012, he became the 28th Freeman of Galway six months to the day since his inauguration. In June 2012, nonprofit housing organisation Habitat for Humanity Ireland announced that President Higgins would be their sole Patron. In October 2012, President Higgins and his wife Sabina went to South America for a two-week trip to take in Argentina, Brazil and Chile.




icon Michael D. Higgins
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