Lucas Manyane Mangope (27 Desember 1923) is die voormalige President van die onafhanklike staat van Bophuthatswana.
Mangope is gebore in Motswedi op 27 Desember 1923. Hy het as ‘n hoërskoolonderwyser gewerk tot op 8 Augustus 1959, toe hy sy pa, ook Lucas, as Hoofman van die Motsweda Ba hurutshe-Boo-Manyane stam vervang het. Op 1 Mei 1971 het Mangope die Hoofminister van die Bophuthatswana Wetgewende Vergadering geword en sy posisie behou met die verkiesings van 4 Oktober 1972. Hy was aanvanklik die leier van die Bophuthatswana Nasionale Party, maar na onderlike tweespalt stig hy die Bophuthatswana Demokratiese Party, wat die regerenmde party geword het.
Mangope het President van die onafhanklike staat Bophuthatswana geword in 1977, hoewel slegs Suid-Afrika en later Israel die onafhanklikheid van dié staat erken het. In 1988 het ‘n staatsgreeppoging deur Rocky Malebane-Metsing misluk, nadat die SA regering ingegryp het om die opstandelinge aan te keer. Hy het die President van Bothuthatswana gebly tot 1994, toe gewelddadige opstande teen die Mangope se weiering om voor die 27 April 1994 verkiesing weer by Suid-Afrika in te skakel.
Op 14 Maart 1994 is Mangope deur Suid-Afrika se Minister van Buitelandse Sake, Pik Botha en Transitional Executive Council (TEC) lid, Mac Maharaj amptelik van sy pligte onthef. Die Suid-Afrikaanse ambassadeur is as administrateur van die gebied aangewys tot die verkiesing van 27 April 1994. Voor hierdie stap het Mangope die hulp van sy vennote in die Vryheidsalliansie, ‘n groep wat die Afrikaner Volksfront en die Inkatha Vryheidsparty insluit, ingeroep om te keer dat ‘n ANC-geleide opstand hom omver werp. Dit het egter gelei tot die dood van 60 mense, hoofsaaklik deur Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) wat Mangope sonder uitnodiging te hulp gesnel het. Mangope se verset teen die opstand het daarmee ten einde gekom.
Mangope is in 1998 skuldig bevind op bedrog klagtes wat spruit uit sy uitvoerende mag gedurende die Bophuthatswana bewind. Hy het die United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) gestig na die 1994 verkiesing en die party het ‘n klompie setels gewen, met die Noordwes Provinsie as sy steunbasis.
Mangope is tans steeds leier van die UCDP.
Kgosi Lucas Manyane Mangope (born 27 December 1923) is the former leader of the Bantustan of Bophuthatswana and founder and former leader of the United Christian Democratic Party, a minor political party based in the North West province of South Africa.
Born in Motswedi, Mangope worked as a high school teacher until 8 August 1959, when he succeeded his father Lucas as Chief of the Motswedi Ba hurutshe-Boo-Manyane tribe. On 1 May 1971, Mangope became Chief Minister of the Bophuthatswana Legislative Assembly and retained his post following the first Bophuthatswana elections on 4 October 1972. Initially leader of the Bophuthatswana National Party, Mangope left the party following what was officially referred to as 'internal strife' and formed the Bophuthatswana Democratic Party, which then became the governing party.
He became President in 1977. In 1988 he was briefly overthrown by members of a military police unit, and was reinstated following intervention by the South African Defence Force. South Africa's government stated that it was responding to a request for assistance from the legal government of a sovereign nation.
Sasha Polakow-Suransky has written that Mangope was "widely considered a puppet and a joke in South Africa" during his presidency. Israeli Foreign Ministry, which did not recognize the bantustan as a state.)
Mangope was nevertheless given some recognition during visits to Israel, meeting with prominent figures such as Moshe Dayan. (Bophuthatswana had an unofficial "embassy" in Israel in the 1980s despite objections from the
Mangope was accused of using his Defence Force and Police to suppress protests, and had been accused of police brutality when a student protest was suppressed by his police force.
At the Kempton Park negotiations in 1993 that led to the first non-racial elections in South Africa in 1994, Mangope had made clear that Bophuthatswana would remain independent of the new and integrated South Africa and that he would not allow the upcoming elections to take place in "his country". With most residents in favour of reintegration, the defence force mutinied. Mangope called on outside help, but was eventually forced to flee the homeland, and shortly thereafter, the homelands were reincorporated into South Africa.
After the transition to multiracial democracy, Mangope remained active in politics. His party became the United Christian Democratic Party which is one of the leading opposition parties in North West Province.
6 November 2008