Politicians and Election, Vote in Freedom, Actively Participate in Democracy, Vote for Change, Online referendum
left right

Biography Janez Janša

> Slovenia > Politicians > Slovenska demokratska stranka > Janez Janša
Janez Janša Janez Janša
Janez Janša
Slovenski politik. | A Slovenian politician.
email
email

DESCRIPTION OF CANDIDATE: 

Janez Janša Biography

SLV:

 

Janez Janša (v uradnih virih tudi Ivan Janša ali Janez Ivan Janša), slovenski politik, * 17. september 1958, Ljubljana.

 

Politično delovanje

Januarja 1989 je bil Janša eden od soustanoviteljev Slovenske demokratične zveze (SDZ), ene prvih opozicijskih strank v takratni Socialistični republiki Sloveniji, maja istega leta pa je odšel na prestajanje zaporne kazni, ki jo je končal po tretjini trajanja.

 

  • Delo v Skupščini Republike Slovenije 1990-1992

Janša je bil na prvih večstrankarskih volitvah v Sloveniji aprila 1990 izvoljen za poslanca in je maja postal minister za obrambo v Demosovi vladi pod vodstvom Lojzeta Peterleta. Pod njegovim vodenjem je iz Teritorialne obrambe nastala Slovenska vojska, ki je v osamosvojitveni vojni poleti 1991 z relativno malo žrtvami izšla kot zmagovalka. Na kongresu jeseni 1991 je SDZ razpadla in se razcepila v dve novi stranki, Demokratsko stranko (DS), ki se je 1994 združila z LDS, ter Narodno demokratska stranka (NDS), ki se je pozneje združila s SKD. Janša se ni pridružil nobeni od njiju, pač pa se je spomladi leta 1992 pridružil Jožetu Pučniku in njegovi Socialdemokratski stranki Slovenije (SDSS).

 

  • Minister za obrambo 1993 - 1994 in leta 2000

Janša je bil minister za obrambo v dveh Drnovškovih vladah, 1992 - 1993 (2. vlada Republike Slovenije) in 1993 - 1994 (3. vlada Republike Slovenije). Marca 1994 so ga razrešili zaradi afere Depala vas, v kateri so vojaške osebe aretirale policijskega sodelavca v civilu. Predlog o razrešitvi je podal predsednik vlade Slovenije Janez Drnovšek. Po razrešitvi Janše je njegova Socialdemokratska stranka Slovenije izstopila iz vlade, ter odšla v opozicijo. Funkcijo obrambnega ministra je opravljal tudi v sedemmesečnem obdobju Bajukove vlade leta 2000.

 

  • Delo v stranki

1993 ga je tretji kongres SDS (takrat še Socialdemokratske stranke) izvolil za predsednika. Ponovno je bil izvoljen za predsednika SDS na kongresih stranke leta 1997, leta 2001, leta 2005 in leta 2009. SDS se je leta 2004 preimenovala v Slovensko demokratsko stranko, kratica SDS je ostala. Na prvih volitvah v evropski parlament pa je dobila dve poslanski mesti. SDS se je v evropskem parlamentu pridružila Evropski ljudski stranki (desno-sredinska stranka) in s tem prekinila socialdemokratsko povezavo nekdanje Pučnikove SDS.

 

  • Predsednik vlade 2004 - 2008

Njegova stranka SDS je prejela največ glasov na parlamentarnih volitvah leta 2004 in 3. decembra je Janez Janša postal predsednik vlade (8. vlada Republike Slovenije).

 

  • V opoziciji 2008 - 2011

Na državnozborskih volitvah leta 2008 so Janševo stranko SDS nepričakovano, kljub ugodnim javnomnenskim raziskavam, prehiteli Pahorjevi Socialni demokrati (SD), ki so oblikovali koalicijsko vlado. SDS je postala najmočnejša stranka v opoziciji in s tem Janez Janša neformalni vodja opozicije. Leta 2011 je bil obtožen zaradi domnevnega podkupovanja s strani finskega podjetja Patria v korist stranke SDS (afera Patria). Sojenje v aferi Patria še poteka.

 

Na državnozborskih volitvah leta 2011 je kandidiral in bil izvoljen za poslanca na listi stranke SDS. Na teh izrednih volitvah je njegova stranka SDS dosegla drugo mesto, takoj za novo stranko, Jankovićevo Pozitivno Slovenijo. Zoran Janković ni dobil potrebne večine za mandatarja za sestavo nove vlade. 25. januarja 2012 je pa bila podpisana koalicijska pogodba med petimi strankami, ki je bila pogoj, da je Janez Janša kandidiral za novega mandatarja. Predsednik države Danilo Türk, ki je predlagal za prvega mandatarja zmagovalca, v drugo do določenega datuma ni predlagal nikogar. 28. januarja 2012 je bil Janez Janša izvoljen za mandatarja z 51 glasovi (39 proti). 10. februarja je vlada tudi nastopila svoj mandat kot 10. vlada Republike Slovenije in že takoj začela s kadrovanjem. 27. februarja 2013 je bila v državnem zboru na predlog skupine strank (PS, SD, DL, DESUS ob podpori SLS) izglasovana konstruktivna nezaupnica vladi Janeza Janše. S 55 glasovi za in 33 proti je postala mandatarka za sestavo nove vlade Republike Slovenije Alenka Bratušek.

 

vir

 

 

ENG:

 

Ivan Janša (born 17 September 1958), baptized and best known as Janez Janša, is a Slovenian politician who was Prime Minister of Slovenia from 2004 to 2008 and again from 2012 to 2013. He has led the Slovenian Democratic Party since 1993. Janša was Minister of Defense from 1990 to 1994, holding that post during the Slovenian War of Independence (June–July 1991). Janša became Prime Minister again in 2012, following an early election in December 2011. On 27 February 2013, Janša's second government was ousted in a vote of non-confidence, and Positive Slovenia's Alenka Bratušek was tasked to form a new government. On 5 June 2013, Janša was sentenced to two years in prison on corruption charges, however the ruling is not yet binding.

 

Political career

  • 1990–1994 Minister of Defence

In 1989, Janša was involved in the founding of one of the first opposition parties in Slovenia, the Slovenian Democratic Union (SDZ) and became its first vice-president, and later president of the Party Council. Following the first free elections in May 1990 he became the Minister of Defence in Lojze Peterle's cabinet, a position he held during the Slovenian war for independence in June and July 1991. Together with the Minister of Interior Igor Bavčar, Janša was the main organizer's of Slovenia's strategy against the Yugoslav People's Army. In 1992, when the Slovenian Democratic Union broke into a liberal and a conservative wing, the leaders of the liberal fraction wanted to propose Janša as the compromise president of the party, but he refused the offer. After the party's final breakdown, he joined the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia (now called Slovenian Democratic Party) and remained Defence Minister in the center-left coalition government of Janez Drnovšek until March 1994. In May 1993, he was elected president of the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia with the support of Jože Pučnik, the party's previous leader, and was re-elected in 1995, 1999, 2001, 2005 and 2009.

 

  • 2004–2008 first Prime Minister term

Janša was for the first time Prime Minister of Slovenia from November 2004 to November 2008. During the term characterized by over-enthusiasm after joining EU, between 2005 and 2008 the Slovenian banks have seen loan-deposit ratio veering out of control, over-borrowing from foreign banks and then over-crediting private sector, leading to its unsustainable growth.

 

  • 2008–2011 in opposition

In the November 2008 election, Janša's party was placed second and he was replaced as Prime Minister by Borut Pahor, the Social Democrat leader. After the onset of Financial crisis of 2007–2010 and European sovereign-debt crisis, the left-wing coalition that replaced Janša's government in 2008 elections, had to face the consequences of the 2005–2008 over-borrowing, however all the attempts to implement reforms that would help towards economic recovery were met by student protesters, led by a student who later became a member of Janez Janša's SDS, and by the trade unions. The proposed reforms were postponed on a referendum.

 

  • 2012–2013: second Prime Minister term

During the second Prime Minister term, which lasted less than two years, Janez Janša responded to the weakening of Slovenian economy during the global economic crisis and European sovereign-debt crisis with opening up old ideological fronts against liberal media, and against public sector – especially educational and cultural sectors, accusing them of being under influence of members of old regime (called Udbomafia and "Uncles from Behind the Scenes" (In Slovene: "strici iz ozadja")) and against everyone who doubted that austerity measures forced upon Slovenia are right ones.

 

  • 2013: In opposition and court trial

Following the fall of his government, Janša decided not to resume his position as a member of the National Assembly. Instead, he decided to work for his party (SDS), write books, lecture at international institutes and help as a councellor. On 5 June 2013, the District Court in Ljubljana ruled that Janša and two others had sought about €2m in commission from a Finnish firm, Patria, in order to help it win a military supply contract in 2006 (Patria case). Janša was sentenced to two years while Tone Krkovič and Ivan Črnkovič, his co-defendants, were each sentenced to 22 months in prison. All three were also fined €37,000 each. Janša has denied the accusations, claiming the whole process is politically motivated. The following day, the Minister of Justice, Senko Pličanič, emphasised that the court ruling was not yet binding and therefore Janša was still presumed innocent.

 

source

April 4, 2013

updated: 2014-01-15

icon Janez Janša
icon Janez Janša

ElectionsMeter is not responsible for the content of the text. Please refer always to the author. Every text published on ElectionsMeter should include original name of the author and reference to the original source. Users are obliged to follow notice of copyright infringement. Please read carefully policy of the site. If the text contains an error, incorrect information, you want to fix it, or even you would like to mange fully the content of the profile, please contact us. contact us..

 
load menu