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Biography Jan Peter Balkenende

> Netherlands > Politicians > Christen-Democratisch Appèl > Jan Peter Balkenende
Jan Peter Balkenende Jan Peter Balkenende
Jan Peter Balkenende
Een Nederlands CDA-politicus. | A Dutch former politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA).
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Jan Peter Balkenende Biography

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Jan Pieter (roepnaam: Jan Peter) Balkenende (Biezelinge, 7 mei 1956) is een Nederlands CDA-politicus en was van 22 juli 2002 tot 14 oktober 2010 minister-president van Nederland.

 

Balkenende groeide op in het dorp Biezelinge in de provincie Zeeland. Hij voltooide het atheneum aan het Christelijk Lyceum voor Zeeland in Goes en haalde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam het doctoraalexamen voor Geschiedenis en Nederlands recht. Zijn politieke carrière begon in Amstelveen, waar hij van 1982 tot en met 1998 gemeenteraadslid was. In deze periode promoveerde hij ook tot doctor in de rechtsgeleerdheid en werd hij (parttime) bijzonder hoogleraar christelijk sociaal denken aan de VU, een functie die hij tot zijn beëdiging als minister-president in 2002 vervulde.

 

In 1998 trad hij toe tot de Tweede Kamer. In 2001 werd hij fractievoorzitter en lijsttrekker van het CDA, en het jaar erna werd hij minister president van het eerste kabinet-Balkenende. Nadat zowel het eerste als het tweede kabinet-Balkenende was gevallen en het kortstondige rompkabinet-Balkenende III wegens nieuwe verkiezingen al na enkele maanden demissionair werd, werd hij op 22 februari 2007 beëdigd als premier van het vierde kabinet-Balkenende. In 2010 kwam ook dit kabinet ten val. Toen bij de daarop volgende Tweede Kamerverkiezingen het CDA onder zijn lijsttrekkerschap vervolgens fors verloor, trad Balkenende af als partijleider. Met het aantreden van het kabinet-Rutte kwam in oktober 2010 ook aan Balkenendes (demissionaire) premierschap een einde. Sinds eind 2010 is Balkenende hoogleraar Governance, Institutions and Internationalisation aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

 

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ENG:

 

Jan Pieter "Jan Peter" Balkenende (born 7 May 1956) is a Dutch former politician of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA). He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 22 July 2002 until 14 October 2010.

 

He previously served as a Member of the House of Representatives from 19 May 1998 until 22 July 2002. After then CDA Party leader and Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives Jaap de Hoop Scheffer stepped down after an internal power struggle, between him and then CDA Party Chair Marnix van Rij. Balkenende succeed him in both positions, and became the CDA Lijsttrekker for the Dutch general election of 2002. The CDA became the surprising winner of the election, gaining 14 seats (from 29 to 43) and becoming the largest party in the House of Representatives. This success was in part owed to Balkenende and to his neutral attitude in the debate with LPF leader Pim Fortuyn, for not having participated in the supposed 'demonization' by the political Left. Fortuyn was assassinated during the national election campaign on 6 May 2002.

 

Balkenende became Prime Minister of the Netherlands, leading the Cabinet Balkenende I but it collapsed after just 87 days in office because of internal conflicts within the LPF that destabilised the government. After the Dutch general election of 2003, Balkenende who again as CDA Lijsttrekker gained 1 seat and formed the new Cabinet Balkenende II. The cabinet fell on 30 June 2006 after the D66, the smallest coalition party withdrew its support of the cabinet over the way Minister for Integration and Immigration Rita Verdonk had handled the crisis around the naturalization of Member of the House of Representatives Ayaan Hirsi Ali. A rump cabinet Balkenende III was formed and stayed in office until the Dutch general election of 2006. Balkenende again as Lijsttrekker lost three seats but the CDA remained by far the largest party with 41 seats. After the cabinet formation, the new Cabinet Balkenende IV took office on 22 February 2007. The cabinet fell on 20 February 2010 as the result of disagreement between CDA and Labour Party over the extension of ISAF mission in Afghanistan. For the Dutch general election of 2010, Balkenende for a fourth time as Lijsttrekker resigned his position as Party leader taking political responsibility after the CDA's disappointing results in the election. He remained as Prime Minister of the Netherlands until the new Cabinet Rutte was installed on 14 October 2010.

 

After his premiership, Balkenende retired from active politics and became a Partner Corporate Responsibility at the professional services firm Ernst & Young and became professor of Governance, Institutions and Internationalization at the Erasmus University Rotterdam.

 

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November 9, 2010

updated: 2013-05-22

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