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Hrvatska - volim Hrvatska - volim
Hrvatska - volim
Volim Hrvatska. / I like this country: Croatia.
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Hrvatska - volim

HRV - Hrvatska (službeni naziv: Republika Hrvatska) je država zemljopisno smještena na prijelazu iz Srednje u Jugoistočnu Europu. Hrvatska graniči na sjeveru sa Slovenijom i Mađarskom, na istoku sa Srbijom, na jugu i zapadu s Bosnom i Hercegovinom i Crnom Gorom. S Italijom ima morsku granicu. Tijekom hrvatske povijesti najznačajniji kulturološki utjecaji dolazili su iz srednjoeuropskog i sredozemnog kulturnog kruga. Hrvatska ima prema popisu iz 2001. godine 4.437.460 stanovnika. Hrvati čine gotovo 90% stanovništva dok su najznačajnija manjina Srbi koji čine oko 4.5% stanovništva. Ostale manjine čine manje od 0.5% stanovništva. Kopnena površina iznosi 56.542 km², a površina teritorijalnog mora 31.067 km². Glavni grad je Zagreb koji je gospodarsko, kulturno i političko središte zemlje.



Prema političkom ustroju Hrvatska je parlamentarna demokracija. Članica je Ujedinjenih naroda od 22. svibnja 1992. Hrvatska je članica Vijeća Europe, CEFTA-e, Svjetske trgovinske organizacije te nestalna članica Vijeća sigurnosti. Punopravna je članica NATO-a kao druga zemlja bivše Jugoslavije, nakon Slovenije od 1. travnja 2009. godine. Kandidat je za ulazak u Europsku uniju.

 

Izvor

 

 

ENG - Croatia (Croatian: Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country in Southeastern Europe, at the crossroads of the Pannonian Plain, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean Sea. Its capital (and largest city) is Zagreb. Croatia borders Slovenia and Hungary to the north, Serbia to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast. Its southern and western flanks border the Adriatic Sea.



The Croats arrived in the seventh century in what is Croatia today. They organized the state into two dukedoms. The first king, Tomislav I was crowned in A D 925 and Croatia was elevated into Kingdom. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for almost two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of Kings Petar Krešimir IV and Zvonimir. Via "Pacta conventa", Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1526, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand from the House of Habsburg to the Croatian throne. In 1918 Croatia declared independence from Austria-Hungary and joined the Kingdom of Yugoslavia as co-founder. During World War II, Nazis occupied Croatian territory and created the Independent State of Croatia. After the war Croatia became a founding member of Second Yugoslavia. On June 25, 1991 Croatia declared independence and became a sovereign state.



Croatia is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the Council of Europe, CEFTA, and is a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council for the 2008–09 term. The country is also a candidate for membership of the European Union. Additionally, Croatia is also a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean upon its establishment in 2008.

 

Republic of Croatia - Republika Hrvatska


location    Flag_of_Croatia    Coat_of_arms_of_Croatia

 

Anthem: Lijepa naša domovino - Our beautiful homeland

Capital (and largest city): Zagreb

Official languages: Croatian

 

Government: Parliamentary republic


 - President: Stjepan Mesić
 - Prime Minister: Ivo Sanader
 - President of Parliament: Luka Bebić

 

Source

2009-05-26

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