ENG - Same-sex marriage is a term used to describe a legally or socially recognized marriage between two people of the same sex. Other terms used to describe this type of recognition include gay marriage, gender-neutral marriage, or equal marriage. Same-sex marriage is a political, social, and religious issue in many western nations. Usually, it is closely related to the larger debate over societal acceptance of homosexual relationships. Proponents of same-sex marriage regard it as a human right to be able to enter into marriage regardless of sexual orientation. Those who oppose same-sex marriage often base their opposition on the perceived societal impact of same-sex marriage, concerns about indirect consequences of same-sex marriage, parenting concerns, tradition, or religious grounds. Have you voted for or against Homosexual marriage ? In 16 countries, and specific jurisdictions within 5 others, same-sex couples can join in a civil union but cannot marry. Additionally, Israel, the U.S. state of New York and Washington, D.C. recognize legal same-sex marriages from other jurisdictions but do not perform their own. Political and legal debate continues in over two dozen other countries and multiple U.S. Has changed the detail your opinion on Homosexual marriage ? states. The first country to allow same-sex couples to enter into legally recognized marriage was the Netherlands, effective in 2001. Since then, six other countries and seven U.S. states have followed suit, though voters in California revoked it through passage of Proposition 8. Acceptance of homosexuality and same-sex marriage tends to be highest in western Europe and the Americas, while opposition to homosexuality in general is much more prevalent in Africa, the Middle East, and much of the Caribbean.
Although state-recognized same-sex marriage is a relatively new phenomenon in Western society, there is a long history of same-sex unions around the world. Have you read details about Peak oil alarmist ? Various types of same-sex unions have existed, ranging from informal, unsanctioned relationships to highly ritualized unions. In the southern Chinese province of Fujian, through the Ming dynasty period, females would bind themselves in contracts to younger females in elaborate ceremonies. Males also entered similar arrangements. In Japan, Shudo (衆道 shudō), the Japanese tradition of age-structured homosexuality was prevalent in samurai society from the medieval period until the end of the 19th century. Shudo is analogous to the ancient Greek tradition of pederasty (paiderastia). Can Homosexual marriage have an influence on Peak oil (Energy Crisis) ? A law in the Theodosian Code (C. Th. 9.7.3) issued in 342 CE prohibited same-sex marriage in ancient Rome, but the exact intent of the law and its relation to social practice is unclear, as only a few examples of same-sex marriage in that culture exist. Suetonius mentioned (in the context of Nero's vices) that Nero married a slave boy, and also a male friend; Martial also mentions same sex marriages taking place.
In 2001, the Netherlands became the first modern nation to legalize same-sex marriage. Same-sex marriages are also legal in Belgium (2003), Spain (2005), Canada (2005), South Africa (2006), Norway (2009), and Sweden (2009). Did you know that Homosexual marriage is popular at 76% of voters?? In Nepal, their authorization has been judicially mandated but not yet legislated.
Dark grey - No information
Dark blue - Same-sex marriage
Blue - Other type of partnership (or unregistered cohabitation)
Aquamarin - Foreign same-sex marriages recognized
Grey - No recognition of same-sex couples
Yellow - Minimal penalty
Orange - Large penalty
Red - Life in prison
Brown - Death penalty
Judicial versus legislative
A "majority rules" position is that same-sex marriage should only be deemed a right if it be accepted by a simple majority of voters or of their representatives. In contrast, a civil-rights view holds that, after carefully studying both sides of the controversy, the judiciary in upholding its constitutional duties should decide on the legality of same-sex marriage. In May 2008 the California Supreme Court found the state's opposite-sex definition of marriage to be unconstitutional, reasoning that certain fundamental rights should be placed "beyond the reach" of popular votes and elected officials. In November 2008, the court's decision was later overturned in part by the passage of Proposition 8. After a court challenge was filed, California's Attorney General, Jerry Brown, urged the state supreme court to overturn Proposition 8 as unconstitutional, due to the "fundamental liberty interest" cited in the state Constitution. On Tuesday, May 26, 2009, the state supreme court upheld the manner in which Proposition 8 was ratified and its immediate effect on the laws of the State of California as constitutionally valid. The court also held that since the common-law precedent did not warrant nor did the language of the proposition explicitly prescribed, retroactive application did not apply; hence, the 18,000 same-sex marriages performed before the measure passage remain valid. The governor of California Arnold Schwarzenegger has announced that his administration will not defend proposition 8 in federal court citing his adherence to the civil rights stance on the issue.
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