ENG: Publicly-funded health care is a form of health care financing designed to meet the cost of all or most health care needs from a publicly managed fund. Usually this is under some form of democratic accountability, the right of access to which are set down in rules applying to the whole population contributing to the fund or receiving benefits from it. The fund may be a not-for-profit trust which pays out for health care according to common rules established by the members or by some other democratic form. In some countries the fund is controlled directly by the government or by an agency of the government for the benefit of the entire population. This distinguishes it from other forms of private medical insurance, the rights of access to which are subject to contractual obligations between an insurer (or his sponsor) and an insurance company which seeks to make a profit by managing the flow of funds between funders and providers of health care services.
National Health Service - The National Health Service (NHS) is the name commonly used to refer to the four publicly funded healthcare systems of the United Kingdom, collectively or individually, although only the health service in England uses the name 'National Health Service' without further qualification.
Health care in Australia - Health care in Australia is provided by both private and government institutions. In Australia the current system, known as Medicare, coexists with a private health system.
Health care in Canada - Health care in Canada is funded and delivered through a publicly-funded health care system, with most services provided by private entities. Canada has a federally sponsored, publicly funded Medicare system, with most services provided by the private sector. Each province may opt out, though none currently do. Canada's system is known as a single payer system, where basic services are provided by private doctors, with the entire fee paid for by the government at the same rate.
Health care in the Netherlands - Health care in the Netherlands is financed by a dual system.
Health care in France - France, like other countries in Europe, has a system of universal health care largely financed by government through a system of national health insurance.
Two-tier health care - A term used by some to describe a situation that arises when there is a basic health care system financed by government providing medically necessary but perhaps quite basic health care services, and a secondary tier of care for those with access to more funds who can purchase additional health care not covered by the publicly financed system or which permits better quality or faster access.
Universal health care - Health care accessibility for all eligible residents of a political region, and often covers medical, dental and mental health care. Typically, costs are borne in the majority by government-funded programs.
Health care system
August 20, 2009