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Biography Donald Tusk

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Donald Tusk Donald Tusk
Donald Tusk
Polski polityk, od 2007 prezes Rady Ministrów. | The current Prime Minister of Poland. The co-founder and chairman of the Civic Platform party.
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Donald Tusk Biography

POL:

 

Donald Franciszek Tusk (ur. 22 kwietnia 1957 w Gdańsku) – polski polityk, od 2007 prezes Rady Ministrów. Z wykształcenia historyk. Współzałożyciel i od 2003 przewodniczący Platformy Obywatelskiej, w latach 2005–2006 przewodniczący klubu parlamentarnego tego ugrupowania. Wicemarszałek Senatu IV kadencji w latach 1997–2001, wicemarszałek Sejmu IV kadencji w latach 2001–2005, senator IV kadencji, poseł na Sejm I, IV, V, VI i VII kadencji. W 2005 kandydat na urząd Prezydenta RP. Jest osobą najdłużej sprawującą urząd premiera w III RP.

 

Działalność polityczna w III RP

Działalność do 2005

Należał do założycieli Kongresu Liberalno-Demokratycznego. W 1991 został przewodniczącym KLD, który w wyborach parlamentarnych w tym samym roku zdobył 37 mandatów w Sejmie, a Donald Tusk został jednym z posłów I kadencji. W kwietniu 1994 został jednym z wiceprzewodniczących Unii Wolności, powstałej po połączeniu się KLD z Unią Demokratyczną. W wyborach parlamentarnych w 1997 otrzymał mandat senatora z ramienia UW i znalazł się w koalicji popierającej rząd Jerzego Buzka. Został wicemarszałkiem Senatu IV kadencji. Na początku 2001 po przegraniu rywalizacji o stanowisko przewodniczącego UW z Bronisławem Geremkiem odszedł z partii. Donald Tusk objął urząd wicemarszałka Sejmu IV kadencji. Maciej Płażyński, który został pierwszym przewodniczącym partii, odszedł z niej w 2003. Od 1 czerwca 2003 Donald Tusk sprawuje funkcję przewodniczącego PO.

 

Działalność w latach 2005–2007

2 maja 2005 zadeklarował zamiar ubiegania się o urząd Prezydenta RP w wyborach w tym roku z ramienia Platformy Obywatelskiej. Poparcia udzieliło mu Stowarzyszenie Młodzi Demokraci. W drugiej turze, 23 października 2005, Donald Tusk otrzymał 7 022 319 głosów, czyli 45,96% ważnych głosów przy frekwencji 50,99%, przegrywając wybory z Lechem Kaczyńskim. Po porażce wyborczej Donald Tusk pozostał liderem swojej partii (potwierdził to partyjny zjazd w maju 2006). Pełnił tę funkcję do 5 grudnia 2006, kiedy to zastąpił go Bogdan Zdrojewski. 9 listopada 2005 został członkiem Komisji Łączności z Polakami za Granicą.

 

Wybory 2007 i pierwszy rząd

W wyborach parlamentarnych w 2007 przewodniczący PO ubiegał się o mandat poselski w okręgu warszawskim. W trakcie kampanii wyborczej Donald Tusk uczestniczył w debatach telewizyjnych z Jarosławem Kaczyńskim i Aleksandrem Kwaśniewskim. 23 października 2007 zarząd krajowy PO zdecydował, że Donald Tusk będzie kandydatem partii na urząd Prezesa Rady Ministrów. 16 listopada wraz z proponowanym składem Rady Ministrów został powołany i zaprzysiężony na Prezesa Rady Ministrów. 24 listopada jego rząd uzyskał wotum zaufania od Sejmu.

 

Wybory 2011 i drugi rząd

Kandydował w wyborach parlamentarnych z 1. miejsca na liście komitetu wyborczego Platformy Obywatelskiej w okręgu wyborczym nr 19 w Warszawie i uzyskał mandat poselski. Oddano na niego 374 920 głosów (ponownie najwięcej w kraju). Na pierwszym posiedzeniu Sejmu VII kadencji Donald Tusk złożył dymisję Rady Ministrów. 18 listopada 2011 prezydent powołał go na urząd Prezesa Rady Ministrów, a następnie, na jego wniosek, ministrów wchodzących w skład jego gabinetu. Tego samego dnia Donald Tusk wygłosił w Sejmie exposé.

 

źródło

 

 

ENG:

 

Donald Franciszek Tusk (born 22 April 1957) is a Polish politician who has been Prime Minister of Poland since 2007. He was a co-founder and is chairman of the Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska) party.

 

Tusk was officially designated as Prime Minister on 9 November 2007 and took office on 16 November. His cabinet won a vote of confidence in the Sejm on 24 November 2007. He is currently the longest serving prime minister of the Third Republic of Poland. In October 2011, Tusk's Civic Platform won a plurality of seats in the Polish parliamentary election, meaning that Tusk became the first Prime Minister to be re-elected since the fall of communism in Poland.

 

Tusk began his public career as an activist in his home town of Gdansk, supporting Solidarity and organizing his fellow university students. With the exception of one four-year stretch, Tusk has served in the Third Republic parliament almost continuously since its first elections in 1991. He was Vice Marshal (deputy speaker) of the Senate from 1997 to 2001 and Vice Marshal of the Sejm from 2001 to 2005. He also served as Leader of the Opposition from 2003 to 2007.

 

Early life

Tusk was born in Gdańsk. Tusk's father, also named Donald Tusk (1930–1972), was a carpenter. Donald Tusk's mother, Ewa Tusk (1934–2009), was a nurse. His uncle, Bronisław Tusk (1935–2000), was a sculptor from Gdańsk. His grandfather Józef Tusk (1907–1987) was a railway official who, as a former citizen of the Free City of Danzig, was compulsorily drafted by German Nazi authorities into the Wehrmacht on 2 August 1944. He deserted a few months later to join the Polish Army in the West on 24 November 1944. Tusk graduated from the Mikołaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus) High School in Gdańsk in 1976. He then enrolled as a student of history at the University of Gdańsk, from which he graduated in 1980 under professor Roman Wapiński with an M.A. thesis on Józef Piłsudski.

 

Political activity

At the beginning of the Solidarity era, Tusk was involved in student politics in Gdańsk. Tusk's activities blacklisted him from at employment at state-operated firms under the Communist government, so Tusk spent seven years working at the Swietlik co-operative.

 

Early years of the Third Republic

Tusk was one of the founders of the Liberal Democratic Congress (Kongres Liberalno-Demokratyczny), and become its president in 1991. He was one of the candidates, making him a member of the First Sejm of the Third Polish Republic. Conservative parties formed a loose coalition in the Sejm, and KLD member Jan Krzysztof Bielecki became prime minister. Tusk did not enter the government. Tusk was involved in the so-called Nocna Zmiana change of government during the night of 4–5 June 1992. Tusk lost his seat as well and would be out of Parliament until 1997. Tusk was elected to the Senate in the next election in 1997, with his UW party supporting the Solidarity (AWS) government of Jerzy Buzek. He served as deputy speaker of the Senate in that term.

 

Civic Platform and the 21st century

In the run-up to the 2001 elections, Tusk lost a leadership campaign in the UW party to Bronisław Geremek. With the party in disarray and the previous parliament's AWS/Solidarity coalition breaking apart, Tusk, Andrzej Olechowski, and Maciej Płażyński founded Civic Platform (PO), taking many party members with him. The party would win 65 seats in that year's election, becoming the largest single opposition party. Tusk became deputy speaker of the Sejm. While Płażyński was founding chairman of the party, Tusk took over in 2003, and has been leader ever since. Tusk was the party's official candidate for the 2005 presidential election. He was defeated in the second round by a margin of 46:54 by Lech Kaczyński. He represented the constituencies of Gdynia-Słupsk (2001–2005) and Gdańsk (2005–2007). Since 2007 he has been an MP for Warsaw. Tusk's political position emphasizes strong support for a free market economy with minimal government interference and cooperative relationships with other EU members.

 

Prime Minister

Tusk and his Civic Platform party emerged victorious in the 2007 parliamentary election. On 9 November, President Lech Kaczyński, who had defeated Tusk in 2005’s presidential election, asked Tusk to form a government. Tusk and his assembled cabinet were sworn in on 16 November, becoming the fourteenth prime minister of the Third Republic. Tusk and his newly-assembled cabinet survived a vote of confidence in the Sejm several days later on 24 November. In the 2011 parliamentary election, Civic Platform retained its place as Poland's most popular party.

 

European policy

In continental policy, Tusk has strongly supported greater political and economic integration within the European Union, strongly backing the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty, standing in stark contrast to President Lech Kaczyński's vehement opposition. Tusk has repeatedly stated his government’s intention in bringing Poland into the Eurozone. Originally wanting to introduce the euro by 2012, Tusk envisioned in 2009 a starting year of 2015 as "a realistic and not overly-ambitious goal." However, during the European sovereign debt crisis, Tusk and his government displayed less optimism in joining the monetary union under contemporary economic circumstances, leading to Finance Minister Jan Vincent-Rostowski calling any move "unthinkable." Despite not being a member of the eurozone, Tusk pressed that Poland, along with the other non-eurozone states of the EU, should be included in future euro financial negotiations.

 

Between July and December 2011, Poland under Tusk's government presided over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. Under its presidency tenure, Poland supported and welcomed Croatia's entry into the European Union through the Treaty of Accession 2011.

 

While being a constituent member of the Weimar Triangle with fellow states Germany and France, Tusk showed displeasure over German Chancellor Angela Merkel's and French President Nicolas Sarkozy's dominating roles in eurozone negotiations, remarking to Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera in January 2012 that "this should not translate into a lasting political monopoly: things cannot be left to only two capitals of Europe." While supporting Franco-German efforts to solve the crisis, Tusk believed the effort should be continental-wide, with EU states using their own initiatives.

 

source

April 14, 2009

updated: 2013-02-22

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