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Denmark - I like Denmark - I like
Denmark - I like
Jeg kan godt lide Danmark. I like Denmark.
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Denmark - I like

DAN - Danmark (fra oldnordisk: Danernes Mark) er et land i Skandinavien i det nordlige Europa. Det er verdens ældste kongedømme (i dag konstitutionelt monarki) som sammen med de to selvstyrende områder – øgruppen Færøerne (i Nordatlanten) og øen Grønland (i Nordamerika) – indgår i Kongeriget Danmark. Danmark består geografisk af halvøen Jylland og 443 navngivne øer, småøer og holme, hvoraf de 72 er beboede (pr. 1. januar 2008). Landet er placeret i Skandinavien med havet (Østersøen, Skagerrak, Kattegat og Nordsøen) som nabo samt Tyskland, som Jylland grænser op til mod syd.



Historisk set har Danmark været væsentligt større end det er i dag, men mange århundreder med krige mod Sverige og tyske stater har indskrænket det danske territorium. Danmark fik sin grundlov i 1849 og sit nuværende parlamentariske system i 1901. Statsformen er negativ parlamentarisme, der betyder, at regeringen ikke kan have et flertal i Folketinget imod sig. I nyere tid har Danmark forsøgt at involvere sig stadigt mere aktivt i, OECD, NATO, FN, Nordisk Råd og mange andre internationale organisationer. Danmark blev som det første nordiske land medlem af EF, senere EU, i 1973.



Danmark har siden vikingetiden været en søfartsnation, men i løbet af industrialiseringen begyndte landbrug og industri at spille en større rolle, samtidig med en omfattende urbanisering fandt sted. Danmark formåede i den postmoderne industrialisering at omstille sin industri og økonomi effektivt, så landet i dag er en topmoderne markedsøkonomi, der hovedsageligt lever af tjenesteydelser og en stor udlandshandel. Danmarks økonomi er bygget op omkring hvad der er kendt som den skandinaviske velfærdsmodel. I Danmark begyndte opbygningen af velfærdssamfundet i 1930´erne og blev udbygget betragteligt i løbet af 60´erne og 70´erne. For at finansiere denne velfærdsmodel har Danmark en af de højeste skatteprocenter i verden. Efter 1970'ernes alvorlige stabilitetsproblemer, stor udlandsgæld og en vanskelig konsolideringsperiode i 1980'erne har dansk økonomi siden midt i 1990'erne udviklet sig stabilt.

 

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ENG - Denmark (Danish: Danmark) is a Scandinavian country in northern Europe and the senior member (with Greenland and the Faroe Islands) of the Kingdom of Denmark. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries. The mainland is bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark is southwest of Sweden and south of Norway. Denmark borders both the Baltic and the North Sea. The country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland (Jylland) and many islands, most notably Zealand (Sjælland), Funen (Fyn), Vendsyssel-Thy, Lolland, Falster, and Bornholm as well as hundreds of minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago. Denmark has long controlled the approach to the Baltic Sea, and these waters are also known as the Danish straits. Denmark is the second-most visited destination in Scandinavia, after Sweden, with 4.7 million visitors in 2007.



Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. Denmark has a state-level government and local governments in 98 municipalities. Denmark has been a member of the European Union (formerly European Economic Community) since 1973, although it has not joined the Eurozone, a currency union among the European Union member states that have adopted the euro as their sole official currency. Denmark is a founding member of NATO and the OECD.



Denmark, with a free market capitalist economy and a large welfare state, ranks according to one measure, as having the world's highest level of income equality. From 2006 to 2008, surveys ranked Denmark as "the happiest place in the world," based on standards of health, welfare, and education. The 2008 Global Peace Index survey ranks Denmark as the second most peaceful country in the world, after Iceland. Denmark was also ranked as the least corrupt country in the world in the 2008 Corruption Perceptions Index, sharing a top position with Sweden and New Zealand. In 2008, the capital and largest city, Copenhagen, was ranked the most livable city in the world by Monocle magazine. The national language, Danish, is close to Swedish and Norwegian, with which they share strong cultural and historical ties. 82.0 % of the inhabitants of Denmark and 90.3 % of the ethnic Danes are members of the Lutheran state church. About 9 % of the population has foreign citizenship - a large portion of those are from other Scandinavian countries.

 

Kingdom of Denmark - Kongeriget Danmark


Location of Denmark       flag       Coat of arms

 

Royal motto: Guds hjælp, Folkets kærlighed, Danmarks styrke - "The Help of God, the Love of the People, the Strength of Denmark"

Anthem: Der er et yndigt land (national)

Royal anthem: Kong Christian stod ved højen mast (royal and national)

Capital: Copenhagen

Official languages: Danish

 

Government: Parliamentary democracy and Constitutional monarchy

 

Queen Regnant: Queen Margrethe II
Prime Minister: Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Folketing Speaker: Thor Pedersen

 

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2009-05-26

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