Caroline Patricia Lucas (born 9 December 1960) is a British Green Party of England and Wales politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Brighton Pavilion since 2010. She was the Leader of the Green Party from 2008 to 2012, when she stood down to devote more time to her parliamentary duties, and is the UK's first ever Green MP. She was previously a Member of the European Parliament for South East England from 1999 to 2010. She is noted for campaigning and writing on green economics, localisation, alternatives to globalisation, trade justice, animal welfare and food. In her time as a politician and activist, she has worked with numerous NGOs and think-tanks, including the RSPCA, CND and Oxfam.
After joining the Green Party (UK) in 1986 (later succeeded by the Green Party of England and Wales), Lucas had stints as the party's National Press Officer (1987–89), Co-Chair (1989–90), General Election Speaker (1991–92) and Party Regional Council Member (1997–99). She would later hold the post of Female Principal Speaker from 2003 to 2006 and from 2007 onwards. Her first electoral success came when she won the Green Party's second council seat in the UK on Oxford City Council, which she held between 1993 and 1997.
In July 2008, Lucas joined the Green New Deal Group, an alliance of experts in finance, energy and the environment. recession, climate change, and increasing energy prices, and stressed the need for integrative policies towards tackling all three. Lucas became the Green's first party leader 5 September 2008 after their leadership election gaining 92.4% of the vote (against one other candidate, Ashley Gunstock) on a turnout of 37.9%.
The group put forward plans to invest in green energy, provide greater regulation of the finance sector, and strengthen ties between environmentalists, industry, agriculture, and trade unions. The proposals were put forth in response to fears over the
On 14 May 2012, Lucas announced she would be standing down as leader as of September 2012 "in order to broaden opportunities for the range of talent in the party and to raise the profiles of others aspiring to election". She added "I'm proud that during the
four years of my term, we've moved Green politics forward to a higher level, with the party by far the most influential it has ever been".
June 4, 2010