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Details CPP

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کمیونسٹ پارٹی آف پاکستان | The Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) is a communist party in Pakistan.





The Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) (Urdu: کمیونسٹ پارٹی آف پاکستان‎) is a communist party in Pakistan.


The CPP was founded in Calcutta, Union of India on March 6, 1948. A decision was taken at the Second All India Conference of the Communist Party of India, which was held in Calcutta at that time, that a separate communist party ought to be created in the new state of Pakistan. It was thought that Pakistan, being a relatively small country (in comparison to India) and suffering from instability, was ripe for revolution. The delegates from Pakistan separated themselves and held a separate session were they constituted the CPP. Sajjad Zaheer (founder of the All India Progressive Writers Association), from West Pakistan, was elected General Secretary. The delegates from East Pakistan elected an East Pakistan Provincial Committee. Many Muslim leaders of the CPI were sent to Pakistan to help with the formation of the party.


In 1995 the CPP merged with the Major Ishaque faction of the Mazdoor Kissan Party to form the Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party (CMKP). The CPP accepted the criticism that they had been too uncritical towards the Soviet Union. In 1999 a group broke away and reconstituted the CPP. In 2002, the CPP split, leading to the existence of two separate CPPs, one led by Maula Bux Khaskheli and a splinter-group led by Khadim Thaheem.


Secretary-General: Imdad Qazi

Founder: Sajjad Zaheer

Founded: March 6, 1948

Split from: Communist Party of India

Newspaper: Surkh Purcham

Ideology: Communism, Marxism–Leninism



November 7, 2011

updated: 2013-03-27

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