বুদ্ধদেব ভট্টাচার্য ( জন্মঃ মার্চ ১, ১৯৪৪- )একজন ভারতীয় কমিউনিস্ট নেতা এবং বর্তমানে ভারতের কমিউনিষ্ট পার্টি (মার্কসবাদী) দলের পলিটব্যুরোর সদস্য ও পশ্চিমবঙ্গের মুখ্যমন্ত্রী।
শৈশব ও শিক্ষা
১৯৬১ সালে কলকাতার শৈলেন্দ্র সরকার বিদ্যালয় থেকে মানবিকী বিদ্যা নিয়ে উচ্চ মাধ্যমিক উত্তীর্ণ ১৯৬৪ সালে কলকাতার প্রেসিডেন্সি কলেজ থেকে বাংলা নিয়ে কলা শাখায় সাম্মানিক স্নাতক হন। স্কুলজীবনে এন.সি.সি-তে যোগদান করেন। কলেজজীবনেও এন.সি.সি-র ক্যাডেট (নৌ শাখা) ছিলেন।
কলেজজীবনে রাজনীতিতে যোগদান সি.
পি. আই (এম) পশ্চিমবঙ্গ রাজ্য কমিটির সম্পাদকমন্ডলীর সদস্য সি. পি. আই (এম) কেন্দ্রীয় কমিটির সদস্য সি. পি. আই (এম) পলিটবু্যরোর সদস্য
- ১৯৭৭-৮২ : পশ্চিমবঙ্গ রাজ্য মন্ত্রীসভায় তথ্য ও জনসংযোগ বিভাগের দায়িত্ব গ্রহণ করেন এবং এই বিভাগ পরে তথ্য ও সংস্কৃতি বিভাগ নামে পরিচিত হয়
- ১৯৮৭-৯৬ : ভারপ্রাপ্ত মন্ত্রী, তথ্য ও সংস্কৃতি বিভাগ, স্থানীয় শাসন, পৌর ও নগরোন্নয়ন বিভাগ
- ১৯৯১-৯৩ : ভারপ্রাপ্ত মন্ত্রী, তথ্য ও সংস্কৃতি বিভাগ, পুর ও নগর উন্নয়ন বিভাগ (অগ্নি নির্বাপণ পরিষেবা বাদে)
- ১৯৯৪ : ভারপ্রাপ্ত মন্ত্রী, তথ্য ও সংস্কৃতি বিভাগ
- ১৯৯৬ : ভারপ্রাপ্ত মন্ত্রী, স্বরাষ্ট্র (আরক্ষা) বিভাগ, তথ্য ও সংস্কৃতি বিভাগ, তথ্য প্রযুক্তি বিভাগ
- ১৯৯৯ : উপ মুখ্যমন্ত্রী
- নভেম্বর ৬, ২০০০ : পশ্চিমবঙ্গের মুখ্যমন্ত্রীর দায়িত্ব গ্রহণ করেনমে
- ১৮, ২০০১ : ত্রয়োদশ পশ্চিমবঙ্গ বিধানসভা সাধারণ নির্বাচনে জয়ী হয়ে মুখ্যমন্ত্রী হিসাবে শপথ গ্রহণ করেনমে
- ১৮, ২০০৬ : চতুর্দশ পশ্চিমবঙ্গ বিধানসভা সাধারণ নির্বাচনে জয়ী হয়ে মুখ্যমন্ত্রী হিসাবে শপথ গ্রহণ করেন
Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee (born 1 March 1944) is an Indian politician and a member of the politburo of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). He was the Chief Minister of West Bengal from 2000 to 2011. He was the MLA of Jadavpur constituency for twenty-four years until 13 May 2011, when he was historically defeated by the former Chief Secretary of his own government, Manish Gupta (who previously worked under him) by a landslide 16,684 votes in the 2011 Assembly Election of West Bengal. He is the second West Bengal Chief Minister to lose an election from his own constituency, after Prafulla Chandra Sen in 1967. Events during his tenure as Chief Minister included attempts to industrialise West Bengal thwarted by the TATA leaving Bengal in the face of relentless opposition by Trinamool congress, the land acquisition dispute in Singur, the Nandigram incident, and the Netai incident.
Born in 1944 in north Calcutta, the chief minister belongs to a family which had produced another famous son.
Revolutionary poet Sukanta Bhattacharya was his father's cousin. A former student of Sailendra Sirkar Vidyalaya. He studied Bengali literature at the Presidency College, Kolkata, and secured his B.A degree (2nd Class) in Bengali (Honours), later he joined the CPI(M) as a primary member. Besides taking active part in the food movement, he also supported Vietnam's cause in 1968. He was appointed state secretary of the Democratic Youth Federation, the youth wing of the CPI(M) that was later merged into the Democratic Youth Federation of India.
In 1977, he was elected as a Legislative Assembly Member for the first time.
His constituency then was Cossipore. It was the first time that the CPI(M)-led Left Front came to power in West Bengal. He was given charge of the ministry of information and culture; it was his favourite position and during his tenure he contributed to Bengali theatre, movies and music. After losing the 1982 assembly election from Cossipore, he changed his constituency to Jadavpur in 1987. The move was successful; he won comfortably and regained his post.
In 1993, Buddhadeb tendered his resignation from the state cabinet due to a significant difference of opinion with Jyoti Basu.
However, there has never been any conclusive evidence on reasons behind his leaving the cabinet and party's decision to bring him back within a couple of years. It is during this period, Buddhadeb has written a critique of poetry written by Jibanananda Das, the legendary bengalee poet named "Hridayer Shabdoheen Jyotsna-r Bhitor".
This eventually led to his being promoted the Chief Minister, when Basu finally decided to step down in 2000, ahead of the State Assembly elections due in May 2001. Though Basu was ill and aged, his government was fast losing popularity. There were substantiated media stories about corruption involving Basu's son, and the state economy was generally losing steam. There was an investment flight away from the state, increased joblessness in urban areas, a serious crunch in technical and medical education facilities and a near-breakdown of health services at the time. Bhattacharya was made the Chief Minister with the objective of making the administration look cleaner (he is seen as 'uncorruptible' to this day even by his critics) and more efficient. His clean image was primarily responsible for winning a record 6th term for the Left Front government in West Bengal in May 2001, though with a much reduced majority.
His biggest asset proved to be his clean image, which helped him lead the Left Front to a 7th consecutive term in 2006 Assembly Elections. He personally won from Jadavpur constituency with 127,837 votes. His victory margin went up from 29,281 in 2001 to 58,130 in 2006. His coalition improved its tally from 199 seats (out of 294) to 235 and reduced the other opposition parties to insignificance.
However, he took the biggest risk of his political career by embarking upon the industrialization drive to change the face of West Bengal, which has agriculture as primary source of income. He deviated from the standard Marxist doctrine to invite foreign and national capitals to set up factories in West Bengal. Notable among them was the worlds cheapest car Tata Nano from a small hamlet near Kolkata called Singur. There were other proposals too, such as country's largest integrated steel plant in Salboni, West Midanpore district by Jindal group, and a chemical hub at Nayachar after it faced agrarian resistance in Nandigram. However, his plans backfired, and his party, along with its front partners, suffered heavy losses in the Lok Sabha election 2009. FInally in the 2011 Assembly Elections he was defeated by the Trinamool Congress candidate Manish Gupta by 16,684 votes and this finally ended his regime as chief minister of West Bengal.
November 25, 2011