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Biography Bhairon Singh Shekhawat

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Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
भैरोंसिंह शेखावत, भारत के 11 वें उपराष्ट्रपति थे | Was an Indian prominent politician. Died in 2010.
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Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Biography

HIN:

 

भैरोंसिंह शेखावत (२३ अक्तूबर १९२३ - १५ मई, २०१०) भारत के उपराष्ट्रपति थे। वे १९ अगस्त २००२ से २१ जुलाई २००७ तक इस पद पर रहे। वे १९७७ से १९८०, १९९० से १९९२ और १९९३ से १९९८ तक राजस्थान के मुख्यमंत्री भी रहे। वे भारतीय जनता पार्टी के सदस्य थे।

 

भैरोंसिंह शेखावत का जन्म तत्कालिक जयपुर रियासत के गाँव खाचरियावास में हुआ था। यह गाँव अब राजस्थान के सीकर जिले में है। इनके पिता का नाम श्री देवी सिंह शेखावत और माता का नाम श्रीमती बन्ने कँवर था। गाँव की पाठशाला में अक्षर-ज्ञान प्राप्त किया। हाई-स्कूल की शिक्षा गाँव से तीस किलोमीटर दूर जोबनेर से प्राप्त की, जहाँ पढ़ने के लिए पैदल जाना पड़ता था। हाई स्कूल करने के पश्चात जयपुर के महाराजा कॉलेज में दाखिला लिया ही था कि पिता का देहांत हो गया और परिवार के आठ प्राणियों का भरण-पोषण का भार किशोर कंधों पर आ पड़ा, फलस्वरूप हल हाथ में उठाना पड़ा। बाद में पुलिस की नौकरी भी की; पर उसमें मन नहीं रमा और त्यागपत्र देकर वापस खेती करने लगे।

 

स्वतंत्रता-प्राप्ति के पश्चात लोकतंत्र की स्थापना में आम नागरिक के लिए उन्नति के द्वार खोल दिए। राजस्थान में वर्ष १९५२ में विधानसभा की स्थापना हुई तो शेखावत ने भी भाग्य आजमाया और विधायक बन गए। फिर पीछे मुड़ कर नहीं देखा तथा सीढ़ी-दर-सीढ़ी चढ़ते हुए विपक्ष के नेता, मुख्यमंत्री और उपराष्ट्रपति पद तक पहुँच गए।

 

स्रोत

 

 

ENG:

 

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat (23 October 1923 – 15 May 2010) was the 11th Vice-President of India. He served in that position from August 2002, when he was elected to a five-year term by the electoral college following the death of Krishan Kant, until he resigned on July 21, 2007, after losing the presidential election to Pratibha Patil. Shekhawat was a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), a leading member of the National Democratic Alliance at the time of election. He served as the Chief Minister of Rajasthan three times, from 1977 to 1980, 1990 to 1992 and 1993 to 1998.

 

Political activity

Referred to as "Rajasthan ka ek hi Singh" (The only lion of Rajasthan) or "Babosa" (Head of the family of Rajasthan), Bhairon Singh Shekhawat entered politics in 1952. Although he posed a threat to the Indian National Congress (INC) in Rajasthan, that party prevailed until 1977. In that year his Janata Party won 151 of the 200 seats in the state assembly elections of Rajasthan and Shekhawat took over as the first non Congress Chief Minister of Rajasthan in 1977.

 

There was a split in 1980 and Shekhawat joined the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). The fragmentation of opposition to the INC enabled it to win the elections of 1980 and 1984. However, in 1989 an alliance between the BJP and the Janata Dal won all 25 of the Rajasthan seats in the Lok Sabha and also 140 seats in the Assembly. Shekhawat once again became Chief Minister of Rajasthan.

 

In the next elections in the year 1993, after the split in the alliance, Shekhawat led the BJP to be the single largest party, winning 96 seats. Three BJP-supported independents also won seats and other independents who supported the BJP took its total to 116. The support of independent members enabled Shekhawat to overcome Congress opposition to his attempts to form a government.

 

Shekhawat's BJP government lost the 1998 state assembly elections due to the onion price rise issue but the party won 16 of the 25 Lok Sabha seats from Rajasthan in 1999. Shekhawat was elected as the Vice President of India in 2002, when he defeated the opposition candidate, Sushil Kumar Shinde by a margin of 149 votes out of the 750 votes polled.

 

In July 2007, Shekhawat fought the Presidential election as an independent candidate backed by National Democratic Alliance as a popular Presidential candidate next to APJ Abdul Kalam; but lost to the United Progressive Alliance-Left backed candidate Pratibha Patil. Following his defeat, Shekhawat resigned from the post of Vice-President on 21 July 2007.

 

Death

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat succumbed to cancer and age-related health problems, dying on 15 May 2010 at the Sawai Man Singh Hospital in Jaipur. He was cremated the next day, at a plot of land provided by the government of Rajasthan, where his memorial will now be built. His funeral procession was attended by hundreds of thousands of people and was termed as "Historic Farewell" by the local news papers. His elder grandson Vikramaditya Singh Rajvi lit his funeral pyre along with his younger brother Abhimanyu Singh Rajvi.

 

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November 24, 2011

updated: 2013-05-06

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