Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Prinses der Nederlanden, Prinses van Oranje-Nassau, Prinses van Lippe-Biesterfeld (Baarn, 31 januari 1938) was van 30 april 1980 tot en met 30 april 2013 koningin der Nederlanden. Beatrix is sinds 2002 weduwe van prins Claus. Zij is het oudste kind van koningin Juliana en prins Bernhard.
Beatrix (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard), (born 31 January 1938) is the former queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, having reigned from 1980 to 2013. Following her abdication on 30 April 2013, she is once again styled Princess Beatrix.
Beatrix is the eldest daughter of Queen Juliana and German-born Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. In 1948, she became heiress presumptive to the throne of the Netherlands. When her mother abdicated on 30 April 1980, Beatrix succeeded her as queen.
She attended a public primary school in Canada, during World War II, and then finished her primary and secondary education in the Netherlands in the post war period.
In 1961, she received her law degree from Leiden University. In 1966, Beatrix married Claus von Amsberg, a German diplomat, with whom she had three children: Willem-Alexander, King of the Netherlands (1967), Prince Friso (1968) and Prince Constantijn (1969). Prince Claus died in 2002. At the time of her abdication, Queen Beatrix was the oldest reigning monarch of the Netherlands.
On 28 January 2013 Beatrix announced that she would abdicate on 30 April 2013, Koninginnedag (Queen's Day), in favour of her eldest son Willem-Alexander, the heir apparent to the throne. He is the first King of the Netherlands in 123 years.
July 12, 2010