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Biography Atal Bihari Vajpayee

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Atal Bihari Vajpayee Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Atal Bihari Vajpayee
अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी | An Indian politician and statesman.


Atal Bihari Vajpayee Biography



अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी (जन्म: २५ दिसंबर, १९२४ ग्वालियर) भारत के पूर्व प्रधान मंत्री हैं। वे भारतीय जनसंघ की स्थापना करने वालों में से एक हैं और १९६८ से १९७३ तक उसके अध्यक्ष भी रहे। वे जीवन भर भारतीय राजनीति में सक्रिय रहे। उन्होने लम्बे समय तक राष्ट्रधर्म, पांचजन्य और वीर अर्जुन आदि राष्ट्रीय भावना से ओत-प्रोत अनेक पत्र-पत्रिकाओं का सम्पादन भी किया। उन्होंने अपना जीवन राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ के प्रचारक के रूप में आजीवन अविवाहित रहने का संकल्प लेकर प्रारम्भ किया था और देश के सर्वोच्च पद पर पहुँचने तक उस संकल्प को पूरी निष्ठा से निभाया। अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी राजग सरकार के पहले प्रधानमंत्री है उन्होने गैर काँग्रेसी प्रधानमंत्री पद के 5 साल बिना किसी समस्या के पूरे किए । आपको बता दे की श्री वाजपेयी ने 24 दलो के गठबंधन से सरकार बनाई थी और 81 मंत्री । कभी किसी दल ने आनाकानी नहीं की । इससे पता चलता है सचमुच वाजपेयी ने कमाल के काम किए ।







Atal Bihari Vajpayee (born 25 December 1924 in Gwalior) is an Indian politician who served as the 10th Prime Minister of India, in two non-consecutive terms, first for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004.


A parliamentarian for over four decades, Vajpayee was elected to the Lok Sabha (the lower house of India's Parliament) nine times, and twice to the Rajya Sabha (upper house). He also served as the Member of Parliament from Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, until 2009, when he retired from active politics due to health concerns. Vajpayee was one amongst the founder members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh and had also been its president. He was also the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Morarji Desai. When the Janata government collapsed, Vajpayee renamed his former party Jana Sangh as Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).


Early life and education

Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born to Krishna Devi and Krishna Bihari Vajpayee on 25 December 1924 in a middle-class Brahmin family. His grandfather, Pandit Shyam Lal Vajpayee, had migrated to Gwalior from his ancestral village of Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh and his father, Krishna Bihari Vajpayee, was a poet and a schoolmaster in his hometown. Vajpayee did his schooling from the Saraswati Shishu Mandir, Gorkhi, Bara, Gwalior. Vajpayee attended Gwalior's Victoria College (now Laxmi Bai College) and graduated with distinction in Hindi, English and Sanskrit. He completed his post-graduation with an M.A. in Political Science from DAV College, Kanpur, in first-class. Later he became a full-time worker of the Hindu organisation Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). For a while Vajpayee studied law, but midstream he chose to become a journalist. This choice was largely influenced by the fact that as a student he had been an activist in India's struggle for freedom. He edited Rashtradharma (a Hindi monthly), Panchjanya (a Hindi weekly) and the dailies Swadesh and Veer Arjun. Like other full-time workers of the Sangh, Vajpayee never married and remained a bachelor his entire life.


Later political career

In December 2005, Vajpayee announced his retirement from active politics, declaring that he would not contest in the next general election. In a famous statement at the BJP's silver Jubilee rally at Mumbai's historic Shivaji Park, Vajpayee announced that "Henceforth, Lal Krishna Advani and Pramod Mahajan will be the Ram-Laxman (the two godly brothers much revered and worshipped by Hindus) of the BJP". Vajpayee was referred to as the Bhishma Pitamah of Indian Politics by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh during his speech in the Rajya Sabha.


Vajpayee was hospitalised at AIIMS for chest infection and fever on 6 February 2009. He was put on ventilator support as his condition worsened but he eventually recuperated and was later discharged. Unable to participate in the campaign for the 2009 general election due to his poor health, he wrote a letter urging voters to back the BJP. His protege Lalji Tandon was able to retain the Lucknow seat even though the NDA suffered electoral reverses all over the country. The tall apolitical image of Vajpayee was said to be the main reason behind Lalji's success in Lucknow even though BJP's performance was poor elsewhere in Uttar Pradesh.



19th November 09

updated: 2013-05-05

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