Andrus Ansip (sündinud 1. oktoobril 1956 Tartus) on Eesti poliitik. Ta oli Tartu linnapea 1998–2004, majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister 2004–2005 ja peaminister 2005–2014. Andrus Ansipi esimene valitsus oli ametis 13. aprillist 2005 kuni 2. aprillini 2007. Andrus Ansipi teine valitsus astus ametisse 5. aprillil 2007. Andrus Ansipi kolmanda valitsuse nimetas president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ametisse 5. aprillil 2011 ja selle volitused lõppesid Taavi Rõivase valitsuse ametisse astumisel 26. märtsil 2014. Andrus Ansip on Eesti Reformierakonna asutajaliige. Enne poliitikasse tulekut tegutses ta panganduses ja äris ning õppinud on ta keemikuks.
- 1979–1981 Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli orgaanilise keemia kateedri vaneminsener
- 1981–1982 sõjaväeteenistus Balti laevastikus sõjaväeosas nr 63413 414. sõjaväeehitussalgas Linnahalli kõrval; oli roodukomandöri asetäitja poliitalal; arvati reservi vanemleitnandina
- 1983–1987 Tartu Riikliku Ülikooli Üld- ja Molekulaarpatoloogia Instituudi koronaar- ja kardiokirurgia sektori röntgenkontrastainete labori vaneminsener
- 1985 EKP Tartu Rajoonikomitee tööstus- ja transpordiosakonna instruktor.
- 1986–1988 EKP Tartu rajoonikomitee tööstusosakonna instruktor, orgosakonna juhataja
- 1989–1993 ÜE Estkompexim Tartu osakonna juhataja
- 1993–1994 AS Rondami juhatuse esimees ja tegevdirektor
- 1993–1995 Rahvapanga nõukogu liige
- 1994–1996 Sotsiaalpanga Tartu osakonna direktor, Põhja-Eesti Panga Tartu osakonna juhataja asetäitja
- Alates 1994 Tartu Kommertspanga pankrotihaldur
- 1994–1998 AS Tartu Raadio nõukogu esimees
- 1995–1996 Suurerastamise Investeerimisfondi fondihalduri Fondijuhtide ASi juhatuse esimees
- 1995–1996 Livoonia Erastamise Investeerimisfondi nõukogu esimees
- 1998–2004 Tartu linnapea
- 2004–2005 majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister
- 2005–2014 peaminister
Andrus Ansip (born 1 October 1956) is an Estonian politician who was Prime Minister of Estonia from 2005 to 2014. He is chairman of the liberal Estonian Reform Party (Estonian: Reformierakond). Before his entry into politics Ansip trained as a chemist, before working in banking and business. He entered Parliament in 2004, quickly becoming Minister of Economic Affairs, and subsequently Prime Minister in April 2005. From 4 December 2013 to 26 March 2014 he was the longest-serving incumbent head of government in the European Union.
In 1998, Ansip was elected as Mayor of Tartu as a candidate of the centrist-right Reformierakond (Reform Party), a position which he held until 2004, to great popular acclaim and very high ratings in the opinion polls. He had run in previous elections for the Riigikogu, the Estonian Parliament, but had always given up his seat in order to remain Mayor. He was succeeded by fellow Reform Party member Laine Jänes.
- Chairman of Reform Party and Minister of Economics
On 21 November 2004, Ansip became Chairman of Estonian Reform Party because the party's founder and hitherto chairman, former Prime Minister Siim Kallas, had become EU Commissioner and Vice President and thus had to move to Brussels. It was obvious that Ansip would have to move to Tallinn, and a chance opened up when the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications in the coalition government of Juhan Parts, Meelis Atonen, a party colleague, had to resign. Ansip became his successor on 13 September. His track record as Minister is more difficult to evaluate because of the short duration of his service.
On 31 March 2005, Ansip was charged by President Arnold Rüütel to form a government, following 24 March 2005 resignation by Prime Minister Juhan Parts. Ansip was able to form a coalition with the Centre Party and the People's Union of Estonia, which was approved by the Riigikogu on 12 April 2005. Ansip thus became Prime Minister of Estonia. On 4 March 2007, Ansip's Reform Party won 27 percent of the vote in the Estonian parliamentary elections, raising its mandate in the Riigikogu to 31 seats from 19. Riigikogu approved his third cabinet. On 4 March 2014, Ansip announced his resignation to enable a successor to lead his party into 2015 elections.
Ansip personally received over 22,500 votes. He was charged by President Toomas Hendrik Ilves to form a government. In May 2009, the Social Democrats left the government, and as coalition talks with the People's Union of Estonia failed, it was decided to continue with a minority government of the Reform Party and IRL. In March 2011, the Reform Party won 33 seats in the Riigikogu, remaining the largest party. He was once again charged by President Toomas Hendrik Ilves to form a government. The Reform Party continued in a coalition with the Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica. Ansip's third term as Prime Minister began on 6 April 2011, when
January 28, 2013