ENG - Amy Jean Klobuchar (born May 25, 1960) is the senior United States Senator from Minnesota. She is a member of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, an affiliate of the Democratic Party. She is the first elected female senator from Minnesota and is one of seventeen female senators serving in the 111th United States Congress.
Formerly county attorney of Hennepin County, Klobuchar was the chief prosecutor for the most populous county in Minnesota. She was a legal adviser to former U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale and partner in two prominent law firms. She has been cited by the New York Times as one of the seventeen women most likely to become the first female President of the United Statesand by MSNBC as a possible nominee to the U.S. . Supreme Court
Klobuchar served as Minnesota's only senator between January 3, 2009 and July 7, 2009, due to the contested results of Minnesota's senatorial election held the previous year.
Family and education
Born in Plymouth, Minnesota, Klobuchar is the daughter of Jim Klobuchar, an author and retired sportswriter and columnist for the Star Tribune, and Rose Katherine Heuberger, who retired at age 70 from teaching second grade. Jim Klobuchar's grandparents were Slovene immigrants to the U.S. and his father was a miner on the Iron Range; Klobuchar's maternal grandparents were from Switzerland.Amy's husband, John Bessler, is an attorney in private practice and a professor at the University of Baltimore School of Law. A native of Mankato, Bessler attended Loyola High School, and is a graduate of the University of Minnesota. Klobuchar and Bessler were married in 1993, and have a daughter, Abigail Klobuchar Bessler, who was born in 1995.
Klobuchar attended public schools in Plymouth and was valedictorian at Wayzata High School. magna cum laude in political science from Yale University in 1982, where she was a member of the Yale College Democrats and the Feminist Caucus. Her senior thesis is now a college textbook that is still widely used. Published as Uncovering the Dome, the 150-page history describes the ten years of politics surrounding the building of the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Klobuchar served as an associate editor of the Law Review and received her J.D. in 1985 at the University of Chicago Law School.
She received her bachelor's degree
Klobuchar was elected Hennepin County county attorney in 1998 and re-elected in 2002 with no opposition. In 2001 Minnesota Lawyer named her "Attorney of the Year". Klobuchar was president of the Minnesota County Attorneys Association from November 2002 to November 2003. Besides working as a prosecutor, Klobuchar was a partner at Dorsey & Whitney, where former Vice President Walter Mondale also works, and a partner at another top Minnesota law firm Gray Plant Mooty before seeking public office.
2006 Senate election
In early 2005 Mark Dayton announced that he would not seek re-election to the U.S. Senate seat he had won in 2000. Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party nomination for the 2006 election. EMILY's List endorsed Klobuchar on September 29, 2005. Klobuchar won the DFL's endorsement on June 9, 2006.
Klobuchar was recognized early as a favorite for the
Klobuchar gained the support of the majority of DFL state legislators in Minnesota during the primaries. A poll taken of DFL state delegates showed Klobuchar beating her then closest opponent, Patty Wetterling, 66% to 15%. In January, Wetterling dropped out of the race and endorsed Klobuchar.
Former Senate candidate and prominent lawyer Mike Ciresi, who was widely seen as a serious potential DFL candidate, indicated in early February that he would not enter the race; that removal of her most significant potential competitor for the DFL nomination was viewed as an important boost for Klobuchar. The only other serious candidate for the DFL endorsement was veterinarian Ford Bell, who dropped out of the race in July and also endorsed Klobuchar.
In the general election, she faced Republican candidate Mark Kennedy, Independence Party candidate Robert Fitzgerald, Constitution candidate Ben Powers, and Green Party candidate Michael Cavlan. Klobuchar consistently led Kennedy in the polls throughout the campaign. She won with 58% of the vote to Kennedy's 38% and Fitzgerald's 3%, carrying all but eight of Minnesota's 87 counties. This landslide victory was the widest U.S. Senate election margin in Minnesota since the 1978 special election.
Klobuchar became the first elected female Senator from Minnesota. (Muriel Humphrey, the state's first female senator and former Second Lady of the United States, was appointed to fill her husband's unexpired term and not elected.)
In March 2007, Klobuchar went on an official trip to Iraq with Senate colleagues Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), John Sununu (R-NH), and Lisa Murkowski (R-AK). Klobuchar noted that U.S. troops were completing their job and working arduously to train the Iraqis, but voiced her frustration with Prime Minister Nouri Al-Maliki.
Within days after the collapse of the I-35W Mississippi River bridge, Klobuchar introduced and succeeded in passing legislation to appropriate $250 million to Mn/DOT to quickly build a replacement bridge.
As of September 2009, 58% of Minnesotans approved of the job she was doing, with 36% disapproving.
From January to July 2009, Klobuchar was the only senator from Minnesota, until the resolution of the disputed 2008 Senate election in favor of Al Franken.
On March 12, 2010, a Rasmussen poll indicated 67% of Minnesotans approved of the job she was doing.
As a Democrat, Klobuchar's political positions have generally been in line with modern liberalism in the United States. She is pro-choice, supports LGBT rights, favors federal social services such as Social Security and universal health care, and is critical of the Iraq War.
Klobuchar supported President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; she voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009,and she voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.