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> Afghanistan > Politicians > Hedayat Amin Arsala
هدایت امین ارسلا  هدایت امین ارسلا 
هدایت امین ارسلا 
یک اقتصاددان افغان و یک سیاستمدار برجسته. | An Afghan economist and a prominent politician.


هدایت امین ارسلا



ډاکټر هدايت امين ارسلا د سوداګرۍ وزير او د ولسمشر لوړ پوړی سلاکار .ښاغلی ارسلا د مجاهدينو په حکومت کې د بهرنيو چارو وزير و ، دی د پير سيد احمد ګيلاني په ملي محاذ کې فعال غړی و خو وروسته بيا د پخواني پاچا ډلې ته ورنژدې شو . له طالبانو وروسته په لومړۍ کابينه کې د ماليې وزير و .


source in Pashto





هدایت امین ارسلا پشتون و در کابل به دنیا آمده است.


او در دوران ریاست جمهوری حامدکرزی در دولت‌های موقت و انتقالی افغانستان عضویت داشت. در دور قبلی انتخابات ریاست جمهوری افغانستان به عنوان نامزد انتخابات ریاست جمهوری این کشور با حامد کرزی رقابت کرد، ولی با کسب کمتر از سه هزار رای در ردیف سی ام قرار گرفت. هدایت امین ارسلا دبیرستان را در کابل خواند و آموزشهای عالی را در دانشگاه الینویز جنوبی در آمریکا در رشته اقتصاد به پایان رساند. آقای ارسلا مدرک دکتری خود را هم در همین رشته از دانشگاه جورج واشنگتن به دست‌آورد.


او در سال ۱۹۶۹ به عنوان نخستین افغان کارمند بانک جهانی شد و ۱۸ سال در این بانک کار کرد. آقای ارسلا در سال ۱۹۸۷ از کار در بانک جهانی دست کشید و به صفوف مجاهدین پیوست. در سال‌های ۱۹۸۹ تا ۱۹۹۲ آقای ارسلا به وزارت مالیه/دارایی دولت مجاهدین در پاکستان منصوب شد. در سال ۱۹۹۳ آقای ارسلا عهده دار وزارت خارجه در دولت مجاهدین در کابل شد اما برای مدت کوتاهی در این سمت باقی ماند. بعد از سقوط طالبان هدایت امین ارسلا در اجلاس بن به عنوان وزیر تجارت و معاون رئیس اداره موقت به رهبری حامد کرزی معرفی شد. بعد از برگزاری لویه جرگه اضطراری که در آن لویه جرگه حامد کرزی را برای دو سال به عنوان رئیس دولت انتقالی برگزیدند، هدایت امین ارسلا در کابینه جدید آقای کرزی عهده دار وزارت مالیه شد.


آقای ارسلا در کابینه حکومت منتخب آقای کرزی راه نیافت، اگرچه حامد کرزی آقای ارسلا را به عنوان "وزیر ارشد" به مجلس نمایندگان معرفی کرد اما مجلس نمایندگان به دلیل این که چنین پستی در قانون اساسی افغانستان پیش بینی نشده است اورا رد کرد. اما آقای ارسلا با وجود نظر مخالف مجلس نمایندگان، به کار خود به عنوان "وزیر ارشد" ادامه داد. آقای ارسلا اگرچه سمت اجرایی نداشت ولی در نشستهای هفتگی کابینه شرکت می‌کرد. بعد از انتخابات نیز کرزی او را به عنوان وزیر ارشد خود اعلام کرد.







Hedayat Amin Arsala (Pashto: هدايت امين ارسلا‎), is an economist and a prominent politician in Afghanistan. Mr. Arsala is a former Finance Minister, Foreign Minister and Vice President of Afghanistan and until October 2013 was the Senior Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, appointed by the President Hamid Karzai.


Political career

In 1969, Hedayat Amin-Arsala was the first Afghan to join the World Bank (WB) through the Young Professional Program. He served there for 18 years in several economic and senior operational posts. Active in the resistance against the Soviet occupation since 1979, he left the WB in 1987 to participate full-time in the Afghan struggle. He was a founding member of the National Islamic Front of Afghanistan (NIFA), led by Pir Sayed Ahmad Gailani, and a member of the Supreme Council of Mujahideen Unity (formed in February 1980). He served as the Finance Minister in the Afghan Interim Government (AIG) in exile from 1989 to 1992.


When the Soviets withdrew and there was a subsequent regime change in Afghanistan, Arsala was appointed as the Foreign Minister of the newly formed Mujahideen coalition government in early 1993. He withdrew from that post in 1995 due to infighting and political disagreement amongst some Mujahideen groups.


With the rise of the Taliban, Arsala- with some compatriots- launched a peace campaign which called for a broad-based interim Government through a Loya Jirga. This peace movement, later known as ‘The Rome Group’, and its key members, including Arsala, were key participants in the Bonn deliberations after 11 September 2001. The Bonn Conference resulted in the Bonn Agreement and the formation of the Interim Afghan Administration. Mr. Hamid Karzai was appointed Chairman and Mr. Arsala Vice Chairman and the first Minister of Finance in post-Taliban Afghanistan. The Bonn Conference also provided a roadmap for subsequent political developments. In June 2002, the Transitional Government of Afghanistan was formed. The Emergency Loya Jirga of Afghanistan elected Mr. Hamid Karzai as President, and Mr. Arsala was appointed as Vice President of Afghanistan.


As Vice-President (VP), Arsala simultaneously headed the Independent Administrative Reform and Civil Service Commission. He also chaired the Economic Coordination Council and the National Census Committee. He was a member of the National Security Council, and at times, in Mr. Karzai’s absence, Acting President. After 2.5 years as VP, Arsala was appointed Senior Advisor to the President as well as the Minister for Commerce and Industry. In 2006, he became the Senior Minister of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, and in the latter part of 2008, he simultaneously became the Chairman of the Government Coordination Committee (GCC) and served as the Co-Chair of the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board.




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