ولی خان فرنٹیر گاندھی کہلوانے والے مرحوم خان عبدالغفار خان کے بیٹے تھے ضلع چارسدہ میں اتمانزئی کے مقام پر پیدا ہوئے تھے۔ انہوں نے اپنی سیاسی زندگی کا آغاز تقریبا ساٹھ برس قبل خدائی خدمتگار تحریک میں شمولیت سے کیا تھا۔
اس کے علاوہ وہ نیپ اور اے این پی کے بھی صدر منتخب ہوئے۔ اپنی سیاسی زندگی کے دوران وہ کئی مرتبہ پابند سلاسل بھی ہوئے۔قید کے دوران ایک کتاب ’فیکٹس آر فیکٹس‘ بھی لکھی تھی۔ ان پر ان کی تمام سیاسی زندگی کے دوران پاکستان مخالف ہونے کا الزام لگتا رہا جس کی وجہ سے کئی مبصرین کے مطابق وہ ملک کی سطح پر عوامی رہنما کی حثیت حاصل نہیں کر سکے۔
لیکن اس بات پر آج سب لوگ متفق نظر آتے ہیں کہ وہ ایک نڈر اور اصول پسند سیاستدان رہے۔ولی خان نے 1990 میں مولانا حسن جان کے ہاتھوں عام انتخابات میں شکست کے بعد عملی سیاست کو خیرآباد کہہ دیا ۔
طویل علالت کے بعد کومہ میں ان کا انتقال ہوا۔ اور ان کی وصیت کے مطابق ان کو ان کے آبائی گھر ولی باغ میں دفنایا گیا۔ پشتون سیاست پرانھوں نے انمٹ نقوش چھوڑے اور قوم پرستی کا ثبوت دیتے ہوئے۔ اپنی قوم کے مفادات پر کبھی کوئی سمجھوتہ نہیں کیا۔
Khan Abdul Wali Khan (Pashto: خان عبدالولي خان, Urdu: خان عبدالولی خان, born: 11 January 1917 – 26 January 2006) was a British Indian and later Pakistani democratic socialist and Pashtun leader, and served as president of National Awami Party. Son of the prominent Pashtun nationalist leader Bacha Khan, Wali Khan was an activist and a writer against the British Raj like his father.
His early years were marked by his involvement in his father's non-violent resistance movement, the "red shirts" against the British Raj. He narrowly escaped an assassination in his early years and was later sent to school at Dehra Dun. In his late teens, he became active in the Indian National Congress. After the formation of Pakistan in 1947, Wali Khan became a controversial figure in Pakistani politics during his political career because of his association to the Congress which opposed the creation of Pakistan.
A respected politician in his later years, he contributed to Pakistan's third constitution, led protests for the restoration of democracy in the 1960s and 1980s. In the 1970s, he also served as the parliamentary leader of opposition in Pakistan's first directly elected parliament.
Wali Khan was born on 11 January 1917, to a family of local landlords in the town of Utmanzai in Charsadda district of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of undivided India. His father, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (Bacha Khan), was a prominent Afghan (Pashtun) Nationalist and founder of the pacifist Khudai Khidmatgar ("Volenteer" in Pashto) movement. His mother, Mehar Qanda Khan, belonged to the nearby Razar village, and married Bacha Khan in 1912; she died during the flu pandemic after World War I.
In 1942, Wali Khan while still in his teens, joined the Khudai Khidmatgar movement. Soon after, he formally stepped into politics by joining the Indian National Congress where he eventually served as a provincial joint secretary of the party. Despite his father's efforts against partition and a brief attempt to instead create a new nation called Pakhtunistan, on August 14, 1947, Pakistan came into being. The new nation was divided into two wings (West and East Pakistan), separated by a thousand miles (1500 km) of Indian territory. Wali Khan agitated for Pashtun autonomy within a Pakistani Federal system. Wali Khan joined the National Awami Party (NAP) in 1956, a new political party formed by his father along with other progressive and leftist leaders from both wings of Pakistan. The National Awami Party seemed to be on its way to victory in the 1959 elections. Khan Abdul Wali Khan, along with many other politicians at the time, was imprisoned and disqualified from contesting elections or participating in politics as part of this purge.
By 1962, Ayub Khan introduced a new constitution and announced he would run in the next Presidential election. The military government, in retaliation against the protests, banned the party and launched mass arrests of party activists.
During the martial law crackdown against East Pakistan, the National Awami Party under Wali Khan was one of a handful of parties that protested the military operation. In one case, Khan helped a senior East Pakistani diplomat's son escape to Afghanistan from possible internment in West Pakistan.
In 1972, as the opposition leader, Wali Khan was contacted by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who wanted to lift martial law and set up a new constitution. Wali Khan's negotiations with Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto led to the signing of an agreement with the government in 1972, called the Tripartite Agreement. Despite the massacre, Wali Khan continued to support talks with Bhutto over a new constitution. Shortly afterwards, he was appointed the leader of the opposition by joint agreement of all the opposition parties.
He then led negotiations with Bhutto for the passage, in August 1973, of Pakistan's only unanimous constitution.
In 1974, after Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's close ally and governor of the North-West Frontier Province Hayat Sherpao was killed in a bomb blast, Bhutto convinced that Khan Abdul Wali Khan, Khan Amirzadah Khan and the National Awami Party were responsible, and in retaliation the federal government banned the National Awami Party. It also ordered the arrest and imprisonment of most of its senior leadership, including Wali Khan. The widely discredited Hyderabad tribunal subsequently put Wali Khan and his colleagues on trial.
Awami National Party
In July 1986, Wali Khan and other former National Awami Party members formed the Awami National Party (ANP). Wali Khan was elected its first President and Sindhi Nationalist Rasool Baksh Palijo became the first Secretary General of the party. After his defeat in the 1990 elections at the hands of opposition candidate Maulana Hassan Jan (a close confidante of the Afghan Pashtun leader Gulbadin Hekmatyar), Wali Khan opted to retire from electoral politics.
In another press conference in 2001, Wali Khan supported the US attack on the Taliban and said that had the US not attacked Afghanistan, the country would have turned into an Arab colony since Osama Bin Laden had a well-equipped army of 16,000 people, which far outnumbered the trained soldiers in the Afghan army. Wali Khan's final press conference was in 2003, when he announced his close friend and colleague Ajmal Khattak's return to the ANP, along with many other colleagues, who had briefly led a splinter faction of the party between 2000 and 2002.
After a long illness, Wali Khan died of a heart attack on 26 January 2006 in Peshawar, Pakistan. He was buried in his ancestral village in Uthmanzai, Charsadda. His funeral was widely attended by members of the public and senior political leaders including Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz; condolence messages were sent from Pakistani President Pervaiz Musharraf, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Afghan President Hamid Karzai. He is survived by his wife Nasim Wali Khan, three daughters and two sons. Asfandyar Wali Khan, his eldest son, true to the political traditions of Wali Khan's family, is a politician in Pakistan and the current President of the Awami National Party.
December 26, 2011