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> Egypt > Politicians > Boutros Boutros-Ghali
بطرس بطرس غالي  بطرس بطرس غالي 
بطرس بطرس غالي 
كان الأمين العام السادس للأمم المتحدة للأعوام 1992 - 1996. | An Egyptian politician and diplomat.
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DESCRIPTION OF CANDIDATE: 

بطرس بطرس غالي

ARA:

 

بطرس بطرس غالي، دبلوماسي مصري مسيحي لعائلة قبطية وام أرمينية، ولد يوم 14 نوفمبر 1922. كان الأمين العام السادس للأمم المتحدة للأعوام 1992 - 1996م، وهو حفيد بطرس نيروز غالي رئيس وزراء مصر في أوائل القرن العشرين الذي اغتاله إبراهيم الورداني. هو أيضاً عم يوسف بطرس غالي الذي كان وزيراً للمالية.

 

  • تزوج من ليا نادلر، يهودية مصرية من الإسكندرية.
  • بعد حصوله على إجازة الحقوق من جامعة القاهرة في عام 1946 حصل على الدكتوراه من فرنسا في عام 1949.
  • عمل أستاذًا للقانون الدولي والعلاقات الدولية بجامعة القاهرة في الفترة (1949 - 1977).
  • أسس مجلة السياسة الدولية الفصلية بجريدة الأهرام.
  • عمل مديرًا لمركز الأبحاث في اكاديمية لاهاي للقانون الدولي (1963-1964)
  • شغل منصب وزير الدولة للشئون الخارجية في عهدي الساداتومبارك.
  • كان نائبًا لرئيس الاشتراكية الدولية حتى تولى منصب الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة.
  • تولى منصب أمين عام الأمم المتحدة 1992 - 1996 بمساندة فرنسية قوية ليصبح أول عربي يتولى هذا المنصب ، في فترة سادت فيها صراعات في روانداوالصومالوانجولاويوغوسلافيا السابقة. لم تمتد رئاسته لفترة ثانية بسبب استخدام الولايات المتحدة لحق الفيتو بعد انتقادها له.
  • ترأس منظمة الفرانكوفونية الدولية بعد عودته من الأمم المتحدة.
  • يرأس المجلس الأعلى لحقوق الإنسان (حكومي مصري).
  • استقال من رئاسة المجلس الأعلى لحقوق الإنسان في فبراير من عام 2011

 

أفكاره السياسية

يحمل مشوار بطرس غالي الفكري العديد من الأطروحات منها:

  • الولايات المتحدة العربية وهي فكرة طرحها بطرس غالي إبان وجوده في الوزارة في فترة حكم السادات، وقت الوحدة التي كانت بين مصر وليبيا، حيث كان من أبرز أطروحاته إنشاء عاصمة عربية تتوسط جغرافيا بين مصر وليبيا، وقد نشرت مجلة الهلال المصرية تفاصيل هذه الأطروحة في أوائل السبعينيات من القرن الماضي.

 

مصدر

 

 

ENG:

 

Boutros Boutros-Ghali (بطرس بطرس غالى Buṭrus Buṭrus Ghālī ), (born 14 November 1922) is an Egyptian politician and diplomat who was the sixth Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN) from January 1992 to December 1996. An academic and former Vice Foreign Minister of Egypt, Boutros Boutros-Ghali oversaw the UN at a time when it dealt with several world crises, including the breakup of Yugoslavia and the Rwandan Genocide.

 

Early life

Boutros Boutros-Ghali was born in Cairo on 14 November 1922 into a Coptic Christian (Boutros being the Arabic version of the Greek name Πέτρος Pétros, meaning "Peter") family. His grandfather Boutros Ghali had been Prime Minister of Egypt from 1908 until he was assassinated in 1910.

 

Political career

His political career developed during the presidency of Anwar El Sadat. He was a member of the Central Committee of the Arab Socialist Union from 1974 to 1977. He served as Egypt's Minister of State for Foreign Affairs from 1977 until early 1991. He then became Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs for several months before moving to the UN. As Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, he played a part in the peace agreements between President Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

 

According to investigative journalist Linda Melvern, Boutros-Ghali approved a secret $26 million arms sale to the government of Rwanda in 1990 when he was Egyptian Foreign Minister, the weapons stockpiled by the Hutu regime as part of the fairly public, long-term preparations for the subsequent genocide. He was serving as UN Secretary-General when the killings occurred 4 years later.

 

UN career

Elected as secretary-general, the top post of the UN, in 1991, Boutros-Ghali's term in office remains controversial. In 1992, he submitted An Agenda for Peace, a suggestion for how the UN could respond to violent conflict. However, he was criticised for the UN's failure to act during the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, which officially left over 1 million people dead, and he appeared unable to muster support in the UN for intervention in the continuing Angolan Civil War. One of the hardest tasks during his term was dealing with the crisis of the Yugoslav wars after the disintegration of former Yugoslavia. His reputation became entangled in the larger controversies over the effectiveness of the UN and the role of the United States in the UN. In 1996, ten Security Council members, led by African members Egypt, Guinea-Bissau and Botswana, sponsored a resolution backing Boutros-Ghali for a second five-year term, until the year 2001. However, the United States vetoed a second term for Boutros-Ghali.

 

Later life

From 1997 to 2002 Boutros-Ghali was Secretary-General of La Francophonie, an organization of French-speaking nations. From 2003 to 2006, he served as the Chairman of the Board of the South Centre, an intergovernmental research organization of developing countries. He is currently President of the Curatorium Administrative Council at the Hague Academy of International Law. In 2003 Boutros-Ghali was appointed as The Director of the Egyptian National Council of Human Rights, which he remained until Autumn 2012.

 

Since April 2007 Boutros-Ghali has supported the Campaign for the Establishment of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly and was one of the initial signatories of the Campaign's appeal. In a message to the Campaign, he stressed the necessity to establish democratic participation of citizens at the global level.

 

Since 2009 he also participates as jury member for the Conflict Prevention Prize awarded every year by the Fondation Chirac.

 

source

29.3.09, 2011-11-19

updated: 2013-02-08

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